Annotation #10.

National Center for Environmental Health, CDC. “Impact of the Built Environment on Health.” June 2011. PDF file. The article begins by identifying the health issue that can be caused by the built environment. The built environment effects one’s physical health as far as something like having sidewalks or lack there of. The CDC has done research on the health impact, and on how much people would take advantage of sidewalks and bike lanes. The CDC has found that having safe sidewalks and bike lanes greatly increase the number of people who take advantage of them which improves their health at the same time. Not only has the CDC done research on this topic, but it has also funded many workshops, events, and organizations to improve the built environment for the sake of peoples’ health. I chose this article because it shows more about the effect of simple things in the built environment such as bike lanes and sidewalks that will improve peoples’ health. It is related to several of my other sources because it is on the topic of the effects of the built environment on health. The only weakness in this article was it was too much about what the CDC has done working to improve health rather than the built environment and...

Annotation #9.

Rick Fedrizzi. “The greening of Pittsburgh: Next up, schools.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. PG Publishing  Co., Inc., 24 March 2016. Web. 25 March 2016. Pittsburgh is known for its Leadership in Energy an Environmental Design certifications. The majority of the buildings in Pittsburgh have been designed to be ecologically efficient, making the natural environment healthier for its people. The next goal is to make schools go green too so the kids in Pittsburgh will have a more healthy environment to learn in. The article goes on to point out that there are many schools throughout the United States that are not built to be healthy for the kids and people who work there. It states in the article that it has been proven by research that bad quality construction of schools can lead to students having bad eyesight, concentration, and unhealthy breathing. Their goal is to create and update schools that will provide a healthy and safe built environment that the kids of Pittsburgh can successfully learn in. I chose this article because it is the first article that I have seen that speaks on the topic of changing schools to improve the health of children and employees in the schools. This is related to a few of my other annotations because it is about the effect of the built environment on peoples’...

Annotation #8.

Video Municipal Art Society.“Health in the Built Environment.” Online Video Clip. Youtube. Youtube, 30 October 2014. Web. 23 March 2016. This video is about DELOS which is an organization that builds for health and well-being. It starts off by explaining that we spend ninety percent of our time inside, but we do not know the affects it has on our health. The entire video is focused in on the interior built environment. The director of DELOS, Natasha Franck, came up with a well building standard. The concepts of the well building standard consists of: air, water, nourishment, light, fitness, comfort, and mind. She gives examples of how being inside makes boundaries between us and nature. For instance, not being in the natural lighting takes away the natural ques the natural light does for us. Also, she points out things like poor air quality in an interior built environment. The interior built environment has more of an impact than realized. With the well building standard, aspects of the built environment such as air quality would improve drastically. This video seemed relevant because of the topic being how the interior environment affects one’s health and behavior. It falls in line with my latest annotations on the health aspect of built environments. The only improvement that could have been made would be more examples given when talking about what the well building standard would consist...

Annotation #7.

Harvard T.H. Chan. “Nature, Health, & the Built Environment“. Center for Health and the Global Environment. n.d. Web. 22 March 2016. This source is about the layouts of cities affecting human health. It points out that designing cities to promote health is becoming more important as populations expand and cities get overcrowded. By using evidence from research, the claim that coming into contact even just a little bit each day can help a person think more clearly and relieve some stress. Another point made in this article is that by interacting with nature on a regular basis, a person will become more connected by doing so. With this connection comes the attachment that would make a person want to protect the natural environment more. The interior built environment is also mentioned in this source. It states how people spend majority of their time inside of buildings in the interior built environment, but the affects of it on health is not known.The more knowledge about the affects of the interior built environment on our health, the more designers and architects can make them better for us. I chose this source because I would like to know more about the influence of the built environment on a person’s health. More information would have been helpful, but it relates to my other sources by talking about the effects of the built environment on...

Annotation #6.

“What is the Difference Between Accessible, Usable, and Universal Design?”. DO IT. n.p. 20 August 2015. Web. 21 February 2016. This source is about the different approaches that can be taken to ensure that built environments along with other things are easier to use. It differentiates between accessible, usable, and universal design of environments. An accessible design means that people with disabilities have been taken into consideration. The Americans with Disabilities Act requires all services that are open to the public have to be fully accessible by people who have disabilities. The universal design is similar, but different from the accessible design. The universal design is not aimed specifically towards people with disabilities, but instead it is for all people. A universal design is meant to enable the greatest use to come from a built environment for everyone. The usable design is aimed towards efficiency and effectiveness. With this being the focus of usable designs, people who have disabilities are sometimes left out. These three designs together can make any built environment accessible to anyone. I chose this source because I wanted to look into wheelchair accessibility in the built environments. My fourth, fifth, and sixth sources all have to do with wheelchair accessibility in the built...

Annotation #5.

  Joseph Shapiro. “Stop 1: Dyckman Street Subway Station, Inwood, Manhattan”. In Helping Those with Disbilities, ADA Improves Access For All. National Public Radio. 24 July 2015. Web. 21 February 2016. Not having elevators in subway stations in New York caused people in wheelchairs to not be able to access the subways. The way subway stations were originally built created discrimination against people with certain disabilities. The Americans With Disabilities Act helped to change that. It added elevators to major subway stations and made it to where elevators would be added to new stations being made or when a major renovation is done to existing stations. Often times, changes have to be made to built environment so they can be of use to more people. When the subway stations were first built, wheelchair accessibility was not a problem, but over time built environments will have to change due to the changing society. This article pointed out hoe built environments have to change sometimes because of the changing society. This relates to my fourth and sixth sources because it is on the area of wheelchair...
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