Annotated Bibliography 3

Ibes, Dorothy C. “Research Paper: A Multi-Dimensional Classification And Equity Analysis Of An Urban Park System: A Novel Methodology And Case Study Application.”Landscape And Urban Planning 137.(2015): 122-137.ScienceDirect. Web. 5 Feb. 2016. In Dorothy Ibes study, she analysis parks according to their physical, land cover, and built features. The parks in study are then evaluated for equity, comparing certain park types to neighborhood social characteristics, statistically and spatially. The studies result in five distinct park types; Suburban Amenity Parks, Green Mini Parks, Native Desert Preserves, Green Neighborhood Parks, and Urban Core Parks. Each type of park details a unique mix of built characteristics. The study reveals that there is relevant measure of park equity by comparing park types with neighborhood social dimensions, exposing who has access to what kind of parks. From the results of the study, it calls for a social and geographical integration when access urban parks. The research provides future knowledge helpful for equitable urban park planning, policy, and management. Ibes studies, urge future studies to use these mixed methods to investigate the multiple dimensions of complex urban park systems, to transform under-appreciated spaces to drivers that push for more livable and sustainable...

Annotated Bibliography 2

Ha, Yoonsook, et al. “Barriers And Facilitators To Shelter Utilization Among Homeless Young Adults.” Evaluation And Program Planning 53.(2015): 25-33. ScienceDirect. Web. 5 Feb. 2016.            Yoonsook Ha studies the utilization of shelters among homeless young adults in large urban cities in the southwest region of America. Through his studies, Yoonsook discovered that there are many common barriers to the utilization of shelters. Personal barriers that prevent the youth from seeking shelters include sense of pride, independence, or self-reliance. Agency-related barriers include restrictive rules, location, and lack of identification or transportation to use services. The young adults who are able to enter the shelters, they face negative staff attributes and relationships, health and safety issues, and other structural issues. Many youths describe initial reluctance to seek shelter, but they are motivated to turn their lives around to be a better person and start over to succeed. This gives reason for a motive to improve the conditions of shelters to accommodate to homeless youth in the streets of urban cities. Yoonsook concludes his studies by focusing on homeless young adults, the study will provide an in-depth understanding of specific needs and circumstances that homeless young adults...

Annotated Bibliography 1

Alderman, Derek H. “New Memorial Landscapes In The American South.” Professional Geographer 52.4 (2000): 658.Advanced Placement Source. Web. 5 Feb. 2016. Derek Alderman in his analysis of monument, memorials, shrines, museums, preserved sites, and other places used to commemorate and sanctify the past in the American South. His research underlies three central concepts. First, memorial landscapes must be judged by the people to be worthy and agreed by others to be commemorated and sanctified. Second, the geographical location of memorial sites influences public views of the past. Finally, memorial landscapes are constantly shifting as government, population, and culture grows and develops. Alderman gives examples of streets named after MLK. He explains how, even though these streets were named to commemorate the great civil rights leader, these streets often reinforce traditional social and economic boundaries in the city. It is this example that contributes to Alderman’s common theme of his article; while memorial landscapes shape how the public views and values the past, they also reveal a great deal about the interests, concerns and choices of those in the...
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